Protocolo de mordedura de perro

Siga este protocolo si su perro de acogida lo muerde a usted o a cualquier otro ser humano.  

 

Si se produce una mordedura:

 

  1. Lleve inmediatamente al perro de acogida a un entorno seguro, es decir, una jaula u otra opción que evite que la persona sufra más lesiones y proporcione un entorno tranquilo para el perro.

  2. Informe el incidente de inmediato al equipo de Foster en foster@pvastx.org . Si es una emergencia o necesita asistencia inmediata, llame o envíe un mensaje de texto al 956-330-3206 .

  3. Su correo electrónico debe incluir una descripción detallada del incidente y fotos de cualquier lesión (esto se puede hacer en un correo electrónico de seguimiento).

  4. PVAS determinará la ubicación futura del perro y cualquier modificación de comportamiento o entrenamiento necesarios.

 

Si la mordedura resultó en una lesión, siga estos pasos adicionales:

 

  1. Llame al 911 si las lesiones ponen en peligro la vida o son graves (p. ej., sangrado excesivo, huesos rotos, la persona está en estado de shock o inconsciente)

  2. Primeros auxilios: Lave las heridas por mordeduras y rasguños con agua y jabón inmediatamente.

  • Si no hay rotura en la piel, no se requiere ninguna otra acción.

  • Si se produjo una ruptura en la piel, detenga cualquier sangrado con presión. Si se perfora, se debe buscar atención médica profesional lo antes posible para evitar más lesiones. Las heridas deben ser monitoreadas por enrojecimiento e infección.

  1. El Foster Team verificará el estado de la vacuna antirrábica del perro y le proporcionará una prueba de la misma, según sea necesario. Nota: Según la ley de Texas, los perros menores de 3 meses no habrán sido vacunados contra la rabia.

  2. Si la mordedura rompió la piel (arañazo profundo, herida punzante, sangrado), puede ser necesario poner en cuarentena al perro de acogida durante 10 días. Por lo general, esto se puede hacer en el hogar de acogida o, en algunos casos, puede requerir un perro para cumplir la cuarentena en PVAS. Si el perro que mordió recibe un certificado de buena salud después de 10 días, no podría haber transmitido el virus de la rabia en el momento de la mordedura.

 

Las mordeduras son un problema peligroso y deben informarse de inmediato según las instrucciones anteriores. El informe es especialmente importante para una mordedura que involucre a un perro no vacunado.  

 

El tratamiento médico adecuado también es crucial. Una mordedura infectada puede costar miles de dólares si no se trata de inmediato y puede causar sepsis, pérdida de función o incluso la muerte.

 

PVAS NO ES responsable de ningún daño relacionado con una mordedura ni de ninguna factura médica u otro costo asociado con una mordedura (incluida cualquier lesión a otro animal). Si elige no buscar ayuda médica, PVAS NO ES responsable de las consecuencias resultantes.

 
 

Niveles de Emergencia

PVAS Levels of Emergency for Fosters.jpg

Los niveles de emergencia

Español- PVAS Levels of Emergency for Fosters.jpg
 
 

Fading Kitten/Puppy Protocol

Fading Kitten/Puppy Syndrome is a life threatening emergency in which a pet “crashes” and begins to fade away. If not dealt with immediately it can result in death. If you are fostering kittens or puppies 6 weeks or younger, it is a very good idea to familiarize yourself with this handout so you know what to do if it happens.

 

Symptoms:

 

Extreme Lethargy - not getting up, unable to stand, not responding when pet

Gasping for breath

Whining/Crying out

Cold to the touch

 

When this happens, it is vital that you take these immediate steps!

FPS is caused by 2 things : Hypothermia (being too cold) and Hypoglycemia (not enough blood sugar). You must combat both of these things or the kitten/puppy will die.

 

Treatment:

 

Step 1- Get them warm:

Create the “burrito” towel. Immediately wrap the kitten/puppy up in a towel like a burrito leaving their face exposed only. Their whole body, tail, ears, and paws should be in the towel, only nose and mouth exposed. Do not take them out of the towel to adjust them, check on them, etc. - this is very important! Every time you take them out you will make them cold again, even if it is only for a second.

 

You must apply an extra source of heat (listed below). The pet's body can’t warm itself up with just a towel alone, you have to apply external heat. Also, your body temperature is much lower than what a pet's should be, so trying to warm them up with your body heat won’t work either.

If you have a heating pad - Then wrap a heating pad *turned onto low* around the towel - duct tape it or secure it around the towel so it stays wrapped around them. Don’t let the heating pad touch them directly, it can cause burns, make sure the ‘burrito’ towel is between their skin and the heating pad. If you don’t have a heating pad - you can either:

a) Keep your dryer running full of towels. Grab a new hot one every 5 minutes and wrap this new hot towel around the “burrito” towel. After 5 minutes, trade that towel out for a new hot one. Don’t remove the “burrito” towel.

b) Fill 2 socks full of rice, tie the ends of them so it doesn’t spill out. Throw them in the microwave for 3 minutes. Keep them next to the pet on the outside of the burrito towel. Every 30 minutes reheat one sock and leave the other next to the pet so they don't cool off.

 

Step 2- Raise their blood sugar:

Once you get the heat on them, get a bowl or Tupperware and a few tablespoons of sugar in some hot water. Stir it up so you get a sugary water solution- you don’t want it super syrupy like pancake syrup, but you do want it to be as strong as possible while still pretty runny. Undiluted Karo syrup or agave nectar can be substituted. Using a syringe or your finger, give 3 drops every 3 minutes into the mouth. If they aren’t swallowing, try not to get it down the throat, try to get it on the tongue or gums. Set an egg timer or use the stopwatch on your cell phone to make sure you are doing it at least every 3 minutes. Every 5 minutes or 10 minutes will not work, it must be every 3 minutes.

 

Step 3 - Call our Foster Team:

Call our Foster Team at 956-330-3206. Don’t leave your kitten/puppy to make this call or forget to do your sugar every 3 minutes. They won’t have any extra advice for you that isn‘t in this handout, but they will need to be made aware of what is going on. Starting on an antibiotic is usually necessary as even subtle changes in gut bacteria can cause FPS. 

 

Prognosis:

 

We generally have success with these pets if the above steps are followed. We DO NOT recommend you rush them to the vet for many reasons:

 

You have the motivation to sit right there with them and make them your top priority. A vet clinic has many patients it is helping and can’t give your kitten/puppy the 100% undivided attention you can give them.

 

Your pet will continue to be cold/hypoglycemic on the way to the vet, in the waiting room, in the hospital while they try to determine what is wrong, etc. Most pets won’t last long enough for them to start the treatments there.

 

Austin Pets Alive!’s Dr. Ellen Jefferson came up with these protocols based on what would be done if she saw these patients in her clinic.  Most clinics would do the same thing - try to keep them warm and get their blood sugar up. APA! did a test-trial period a few years ago of having all of the fading puppy syndrome seen by Dr. Jefferson or a technician to try other treatments, and they had a much higher failure rate (it was close to 100% failure) than if the foster did it themselves at home.  This was because the puppies were made to withstand travel and the clinic staff could not devote 100% of their time to them (but a foster can).

 

Keep in mind, it can sometimes take hours for them to come out of it and start acting normally again. Once they do come out of it, make sure you contact the Foster Team to discuss what could have possibly caused them to fade in the first place and make sure we have the kitten/puppy on all the right medical treatments for any illnesses they have that may have caused it. An exam may be necessary.

 

Also keep in mind, even with all the love and attention and perfect treatment of this condition, some of them still won’t make it. Try not to blame yourself during this difficult time. 

Emergencies in Kittens and Puppies (14 min. video)